Social Capital for Access To Clean Water in Rural Area

Rindang Alfiah, Ismu Rini Dwi Ari, Septiana Hariyani


Nowadays, access to drinking water services in Indonesia still not on SDG's target where 100% of society should have access to clean water. Based on data from the ministry of public works and public housing (2015), there are only 59,7 percent of Indonesians receiving piped water access through the Indonesian regional water utility company (PDAM) and only 7,474 villages (from 72.944 villages) have been supported to establish community-based organizations (HIPPAM) to manage local water supply services. Sumberrejo village is one of the villages which can manage water by establishing HIPPAM. Therefore, it is necessary to know the social capital through the social structure of Sumberrejo society. The aim of this research is to trace the social capital in Sumberrejo village through the community participation so that HIPPAM Tirta Buana can be formed. This research use SNA (Social Network Analysis) as a method to know the social network of society which is measured by density, centrality and participation level. From the calculation of SNA can be seen that the value of density, centrality, and level of community participation in Sumberrejo village is good. The bonds formed from the HIPPAM community are strong. The result of this research can be concluded that the existing social capital is a bonding social capital which can be developed by utilizing actors with high centrality value in order to deliver information related to clean water.


Social Capital, HIPPAM (Residents Association of Water Users), Social Structure, Social Network Analysis (SNA)

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